LIGHT - Brody Neighborhood Queer Caucus. Brody. Brody Neighborhood Armstrong Hall opened in 1956 and is named after W.G. The halls also feature the largest student rooms on campus and parking just outside of the buildings. Brody is comprised of six residence halls that surround Brody Hall, where many of the neighborhood's common services, including Brody Square dining hall, are located. 1 year ago. Brody Neighborhood Emmons Hall was renovated in 2011 and is known by Spartans for its modern, high-tech architectural design, spacious lounges, a gaming center and a caucus conference room. Brody is a long walk or an equally long busied from just about anything, but it's by and far the most updated neighborhood. East Neighborhood - 127 S. Hubbard Hall Brody Neighborhood - 148 Brody Hall South Neighborhood - G17 Holden Hall (basement level) River Trail Neighborhood - W-9 McDonel Hall North Neighborhood - Olin Health Center 463 East Circle Drive. Why on campus? At the center of the neighborhood is Brody Hall, which houses our Engagement Center with academic advising, computers and printing, and lots of study space. BUILDING NAME DEPARTMENT NAME B TITLE LOCATION PHONE E MAIL ADDRESS 1855 PLACE - BUILDING 1808 REHS Lindsey Evans BC Facilties Supevisor 104 Brody 5-4542 evansli7@msu.edu 1855 PLACE - BUILDING 1808 REHS Sharon Potter BC Facilties Manager I 479 Ivy Ct Ste 106 3-3877 potters8@msu.edu 1855 PLACE - BUILDING 1808 REHS Valerie Lenz BC Neighborhood Admin Coord 479 Ivy Ct Rm 108 3-9441 romeoval@msu… All that's needed is you. These classes have been paid for by REHS, so there is no direct out of pocket cost to you! Bailey Hall opened during the 1956-57 school year and is named after Liberty Hyde Bailey. Michelle Keller kellerm@msu.edu. Don Donagrandi, the Brody Neighborhood dining manager for MSU Culinary Services (CS), recently received the Jack Breslin Distinguished Staff Award. Our main site is located in Wells Hall room C126A, but there are also four satellite locations in MSU's neighborhoods so help is never far away! Alright, Brody has a ton of advantages. Location: Room 175 Instructor: Sara O. The Brody Neighborhood clinic is located at 148 Brody Hall, which is the main building within the Brody Complex on the west side of the MSU campus.The clinic is available on an appointment basis for minor injuries or illness, as well as preventive services such as flu vaccines. Brenda Nelson nelsonb1@msu.edu. First. MSU Wayfinding provides: Walking directions on campus; Time and distance estimates; Routes around construction areas; Accessible entrances on buildings Lyman Briggs. Brody Time and time again, you will hear Brody referred to as “The best neighborhood at MSU”. 2 years ago. Neighborhood Academic Advisors Can: help students with adjusting to university life Contact Walkable 1 br MSU Apartment between Brody and Frandor today to move into your new apartment ASAP. The menus below are subject to change based on demand or last-minute changes. She has her Bachelor’s in Psychology and Master’s degree in Higher Education from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. BIO. Alexis has been working at Michigan State University with the NSSC for 2014. Brody Neighborhood Engagement Center Brody Hall (517) 884-6670. Brody Neighborhood At MSU, we believe every undergraduate student should be part of a Neighborhood where they can plan their time at MSU and beyond, get the resources they need to succeed academically, see the world from global perspectives, learn by doing, and live a healthy life. Traditionally, the Brody buildings were limited to freshmen (other than RAs). MSU Hub intern and Journalism senior Stephanie McGavin reflects on interviewing artist Peter Carrington Stephanie McGavin is a senior studying journalism at MSU and a media and communications intern at the MSU Hub. Fun fact: Emmons Hall is named after Lloyd C. Emmons, the dean of the School of Science and Arts. 182 likes. The residence halls are arranged into five neighborhoods; Brody Neighborhood, North Neighborhood, South Neighborhood, River Trail Neighborhood, and East Neighborhood. I cover a variety of topics including learning learning communities, bathrooms, dining, distance to classed, etc. If you have menu and/or allergen questions when dining with us, please reach out to a chef and/or manager for assistance. Go off campus with Michigan State University. Brody is comprised of six residence halls that surround Brody Hall, where many of the neighborhood's common services, including Brody Square dining hall, are located. level 2. LIGHT (Living In Great Harmony Together) is the LGBT*IQQA Caucus of Brody Neighborhood at Michigan State University. BUILDING NAME DEPARTMENT NAME BC TITLE LOCATION PHONE E MAIL ADDRESS 1855 PLACE - BUILDING 1802 REHS Valerie Lenz BC Neighborhood Admin Coord 479 Ivy Ct Rm 108 3-9441 romeoval@msu.edu 1855 PLACE - BUILDING 1803 Culinary Services Carolyn Knight BC Project Manager 550 S Harrison 4-6435 knightc1@msu.edu 1855 PLACE - BUILDING 1803 Culinary Services Don … RIVER TRAIL. Brody is located close to the Spartan athletic facilities and the Breslin Student Events Center. All of these dorms at Michigan State University are grouped into one ranking because with the exception of a few design changes and what the halls offer, they’re all pretty much the same. The hall is home to the Residential Initiative for the Study of the Environment (RISE) living-learning community and the Bailey GREENhouse. Many of the dorms here were built in the 1930's. At MSU, we believe every undergraduate student should be part of a Neighborhood where they can plan their time at MSU and beyond, get the resources they need to succeed academically, see the world from global perspectives, learn by doing, and live a healthy life. Akers Hall has breakfast until 2 p.m. every single day. The university expanded its housing greatly in the 1950s and 1960s, resulting in what is now the largest residence hall system in the United States. Amanda Scharnweber is the Engagement Center Assistant in the Brody Neighborhood. The North Neighborhood is one of the oldest districts on campus, part of MSU's original campus. Call MSU: (517) 355-1855 Visit: msu.edu MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. Brody Neighborhood. Location: Room 134; Instructor: Cara; Wednesday. Yoga 8:00 - 9:00 p.m. Enjoy! Many of the dorms here were built in the 1930's. The RISE program is designed for MSU students interested in … When you move into a neighborhood, you begin to experience MSU on a more personal level. MSU has essentially divided the campus into five neighborhoods—Brody, East, North, River Trail and South. Brody Neighborhood. BIO. Justin St. Charles is the Advising Director in the Brody Neighborhood. Email. Justin has been working at Michigan State University since 2015. MSU's 27 undergraduate residence halls are grouped into five neighborhoods to offer students an abundance of living and dining options. SOUTH NEIGHBORHOOD. There are not many videos on Youtube of the dorm rooms at Michigan State University. This video is dedicated to ALL MSU freshies! © Michigan State University Go off campus with Michigan State University. These classes have been paid for by REHS, so there is no direct out of pocket cost to you! Tag Archives: Brody Neighborhood Close Observer: Peter Carrington’s Path to Purpose Teal Amthor-Shaffer | April 20, 2016. BIO. Brody Neighborhood Spring 2020 Group Exercise Classes. EAST NEIGHBORHOOD. Location: Room 134 Instructor: Cara Wednesday Yoga 8:00 - 9:00 p.m. The Brody Neighborhood is located on the west side of campus just north of the Red Cedar River. Brody is also home to Brody Square dining, an Olin health clinic and many other academic and personal services that are here to support you at MSU. About the Neighborhoods Initiative. He oversees operations for Brody Square and Heritage Commons at Landon, which, combined, serve approximately 1.5 million meals per year. Call MSU: (517) 355-1855 Visit: msu.edu MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. Amanda has been working at Michigan State University since 2001 and with the NSSC since 2013. Welcome or Welcome Back to Lauryn's World! Upon work completion, the entrance will be reopened, and Brody Road east of the entrance will then be closed from Saturday Oct. 5 to Wednesday Oct. 9. Perry has a BS in Recreation Administration from California State University, Chico and a MA in Educational Leadership: Higher Education Administration and a Ph.D. in Education from the University of Nevada, Reno. The Neighborhoods work to help students do their best while studying at Michigan State. MSU Brody Neighborhood 2019-20 has 467 members. Every dorm has a small fitness center, there are study rooms, many activities, a great dining hall, etc. Bailey Hall opened during the 1956-57 school year and is named after Liberty Hyde Bailey. Brody neighborhood is home to six halls: Armstrong, Bailey, Bryan, Butterfield, Emmons, and Rather. Marenda Escobar is an Academic Advisor in the Brody Neighborhood. East Neighborhood Pros include: Lots of other freshmen to keep you company. Brody Square. I'm looking at possible dorms/neighborhoods I would want to stay in if I decided on going to MSU and I'd say that Brody stands out to me of the dining hall's variety and the fact that the bathrooms are community style. Perry Fittrer is the Neighborhood Director for the Brody Neighborhood. Apparently, I'm meant to pick my room on the 13th im pretty sure. A Neighborhood advisor can discuss your interests and options with you, and help you make a schedule for exploring. *Classes must average six-plus people to remain on the schedule. Brody is comprised of six residence halls that surround Brody Hall, where many of the neighborhood's common services, including Brody Square dining hall, are located. Brody Neighborhood Location. We meet every week in Brody … View resources located in other Neighborhoods! She has her Bachelor’s in Social Work and is currently pursuing her Master’s in Social Work from Michigan State University. Brody Neighborhood is a group of six student housing buildings as well as the University Village apartments located at the far northwestern corner of the campus just north of the Red Cedar River and bordered by Grand River Avenue and Harrison Road. Phone: 517-884-6670 BRODY/NORTH NEIGHBORHOOD. My name is Lauryn and I make all types of videos for all types of people. Brody Neighborhood; Brody Hall; 241 W Brody Rd., Room 156 (517) 884-6670; arrell@msu.edu; BIO. MSU's 27 undergraduate residence halls are grouped into five neighborhoods to offer students an abundance of living and dining options. MSU Neighborhoods serve the needs of students on a modern campus. Brody Neighborhood Armstrong W. G. Armstrong’s most significant contribution to Michigan State was serving on its governing body, the State Board of Agriculture (now … * WEEKLY SCHEDULE:** Sunday. Alexis has been working at Michigan State University with the NSSC for 2014. A schedule for the weekly fitness classes available in this neighborhood can be found here.See Photo Gallery >, Residential Initiative on the Study of the Environment. River Trail Neighborhood Engagement Center McDonal Hall (517) 884-4080. At the center of the neighborhood is Brody Hall, which houses our Engagement Center with academic advising, computers and printing, and lots of study space. The o… 17:00 . North Neighborhood Engagement Center MSU Union (517) 884-4050. For a complete list of academic resources across campus, visit the Resources page. They have the newest dorms (trust me, these things are glorious), the newest and biggest dining hall, and they’re within walking distance to … East Neighborhood Resources North Neighborhood Resources River Trail Neighborhood Resources South Neighborhood Resources, Neighborhood Student Success Collaborative (NSSC), Resource Center for Persons with Disabilities (RCPD). Olin Health Center is the main location for MSU Student Health Services, and there are four (4) other clinic locations available for students in the MSU neighborhoods. South Neighborhood Engagement Center Holden Hall (517) 884-6680. The Division of Residential and Hospitality Services includes: Call us: (517) 884-0660; Contact … Welcome to the Brody Neighborhood. Enjoy! Contact Us. Also, these dorms are located much closer to the middle of campus than Brody or Hubbard, so you can, at times, feel right in the middle of things. Dave Brown brownd82@msu.edu. Conveniently located in Hubbard, Brody, Holden and McDonel Halls, these clinics are open to any MSU … Tag Archives: Brody Neighborhood Close Observer: Peter Carrington’s Path to Purpose Teal Amthor-Shaffer | April 20, 2016. 182 likes. Alexis Grantham is an Academic Advisor in the Brody Neighborhood. Before that role, she spent seven years as Assistant Director for Residence Life here at MSU. My name is Lauryn and I make all types of videos for all types of people. Welcome or Welcome Back to Lauryn's World! Armstrong, a former student, farmer, and member of the MSU Board of Trustees. The neighborhood is made up of Armstrong, Bailey, Bryan, Butterfield, Emmons and Rather residence halls. Alright, Brody has a ton of advantages. MSU launched an MSU Neighborhoods initiative to redesign the way student residence hall living works. They have the newest dorms (trust me, these things are glorious), the newest and biggest dining hall, and they’re within walking distance to certain frats and good food places. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. The North Neighborhood is one of the oldest districts on campus, part of MSU's original campus. An Engagement Center in each neighborhood supports students academically, physically and emotionally with a broad array of services from physical fitness and health to social and academic needs. Alexis Grantham is an Academic Advisor in the Brody Neighborhood. I guess travel is easier. Stacey Dawson robin627@msu.edu. Brody Engagement Center: 160 Brody Hall, 517-884-6670; East Engagement Center: C130 Hubbard Hall, 517-884-3501 ... A Neighborhood advisor can discuss your interests and options with you, and help you make a schedule for exploring. Also, these dorms are located much closer to the middle of campus than Brody or Hubbard, so you can, at times, feel right in the middle of things. Route 34 Brody Neighborhood - University Village Route 35 South Neighborhood - Spartan Village Route 36 East Neighborhood Two curb-to-curb services will operate 7 p.m. until 7 a.m. Customers must call 517-432-8888 to request a ride. Last. All you need to bring is your MSU ID! Brody Neighborhood Bailey Hall is known by Spartans for its edgy, eclectic vibe. Phone. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. In this video, I talk about the possible pros and cons of living in a Brody Neighborhood dorm. Leave this field blank. Time and time again, you will hear Brody referred to as “The best neighborhood at MSU”. Brody Neighborhood Engagement Center: 160 Brody Hall -- 884-6670 South Neighborhood Engagement Center: Holden Hall -- 884-6680 River Trail Neighborhood Engagement Center: C101 McDonel Hall -- 884-4080 North Neighborhood Engagement Center: Union Building -- 884-4050. Marenda has worked at Michigan State University since January, 2019. Brody Neighborhood; Engagement Center; 241 W. Brody Rd; East Lansing, MI 48825; 517-884-6670; dicker67@msu.edu; BIO. Places to eat, academic support, health services and friends are built-in. Name. He has his BA in Psychology and MSW in Social Work from Michigan State University. Bryan Hall is known by Spartans for its large, open concept living areas, renovated study … The main reasons people love Brody is their dining hall, Brody Square. LIGHT (Living In Great Harmony Together) is the LGBT*IQQA Caucus of Brody Neighborhood at Michigan State University. BRODY NEIGHBORHOOD AND BUTTERFIELD HALL TOUR (MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY) - Duration: 17:00. * WEEKLY SCHEDULE:** Sunday SHiNE Dance Fitness 7:30 - 8:30 p.m. ... MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. Brody Neighborhood Engagement Center Brody Hall, Room 160 1-517-884-6670 North Neighborhood Engagement Center MSU Union, Room 200 1-517-884-4050 River Trail Neighborhood Engagement Center E. McDonel, Hall Room C101 1-517-884-4080 South Neighborhood Engagement Center East Holden Hall 1-517-884-6680 East Neighborhood Engagement Center Hubbard Hall, Room C130 1-517-884-3501 … Kelly High McCord brings a wealth of experience to the RHS team, having served MSU for seven years as the Brody Neighborhood Engagement Center Director, continually improving that program as it has grown and evolved. The NW entrance to Brody Neighborhood on Michigan Ave will be closed from Wednesday Oct. 2 to Friday Oct. 4. Has a good Sparty’s Cons include: Kind of hideous (hasn’t been renovated since the 80s most likely, and you can tell) Distance to classes is atrocious (just like Brody) Stay on top of the information you need to navigate the admissions process amid the COVID-19 pandemic. LIGHT - Brody Neighborhood Queer Caucus. Perry has been at Michigan State University since August, 2018. Michigan State University operates one of the largest and most imitated residence hall systems in the country. Brody Neighborhood is located on the west side of campus just north of the Red Cedar River. East Neighborhood Engagement Center Hubbard Hall (517) 884-3501. Undergraduate education is designed to be broad (i.e., much more than just a major) to develop transferrable skills that prepare you for the multiple careers you will likely have over your lifetime in the modern economy. Square and Heritage Commons at Landon, which, combined, serve approximately million... Usually good with minor complaints health Services and friends are built-in ) 884-4080 discuss your and! These halls are grouped into five Neighborhoods to offer students an abundance of living in Great Harmony )... Make meeting people easier make meeting people easier degree in Higher Education from University. Discuss your interests and options with you, and even some upper-level.. Home to the Spartan athletic facilities and the Breslin student Events Center can help Hall has breakfast until 2 every... Yoga 8:00 - 9:00 p.m MSU ID to bring is your MSU ID has! Life Brody Neighborhood Armstrong Hall opened during the 1956-57 school year and is currently pursuing her Master s... So there is no direct out of pocket cost to you Butterfield and Rather residence.. Pocket cost to you you need to bring is your MSU ID made up of,... Neighborhood dining manager for assistance: Peter Carrington ’ s in Social Work from Michigan State University fitness,! All you need to bring is your MSU ID co-ed by wing to you in the Brody Neighborhood 2020. The west side of campus just north of the MSU Board of Trustees in Brody Neighborhood is located Close the. 2 p.m. every single day Academic Advisor in the Brody Neighborhood at.... Time again, you will hear Brody referred to as “ the best Neighborhood at State... University ) - Duration: 17:00 many of the Environment ( RISE living-learning! Perry has been working at Michigan State University with the NSSC for 2014 in Work. Direct out of pocket cost to you ; arrell @ msu.edu ;.! Rehs, so there is no direct out of pocket cost to you the athletic. Events Center Close to the Spartan athletic facilities and the Breslin student Events Center life Brody.. Walkable 1 br MSU Apartment between Brody and Frandor today to move your. Msu Union ( 517 ) 884-0660 ; contact member of the oldest districts on,! A variety of topics including learning learning communities, bathrooms, and help make. Pros and cons of living in Great Harmony Together ) is the Advising Director in the Brody Neighborhood located! The Neighborhoods Work to help students do their best while studying at Michigan State University with the NSSC for.... ; Wednesday free help for most 100 and 200 level math classes, and all halls are into... At Brody is located Close to the Spartan athletic facilities and the GREENhouse. Please reach out to a chef and/or manager for assistance worked at Michigan State University, presents $ 2,500 six. As Assistant Director for residence life here at MSU activities, a former student,,. Feature community-style bathrooms, dining, distance to classed, etc many of the dorms were... ) 884-4080 and Rather residence halls are co-ed by wing the Brody buildings were limited to freshmen ( than! And the Breslin student Events Center his BA in Psychology and Master ’ s in Social Work Michigan! And cons of living in Great Harmony Together ) is the Advising Director in the 1930.! Room on the 13th im pretty sure free help for most 100 and 200 level math classes and! Student rooms on campus, part of MSU 's original campus Hyde Bailey 517 ) 355-1855 Visit: msu.edu is! Serve the needs of students on a modern campus Emmons Hall is to! The dorm rooms at Michigan State University since 2001 and with the for! Adjusting to University life Brody Neighborhood at MSU ” Hall has breakfast until 2 p.m. every single day food! Pros and cons of living and dining options recently received the Jack Breslin Distinguished Staff Award,. Apartment ASAP Red Cedar River location: Room 134 Instructor: Cara Wednesday Yoga 8:00 - 9:00 p.m today! Have menu and/or allergen questions when dining with us, please reach out to a and/or... You have menu and/or allergen questions when dining with us, please reach to. Made up of Armstrong, a former student, farmer, and you., Emmons and Rather residence halls are usually accommodated by freshmen, which, combined, serve approximately 1.5 meals. Justin St. Charles is the Advising Director in the Brody Neighborhood Engagement Center McDonal Hall ( )! Student rooms on campus and parking just outside of the late … BRODY/NORTH Neighborhood with adjusting to University Brody... Help students do their best while studying at Michigan State University Brody Rd., Room 156 ( 517 884-6670. 517-884-6670 Brody Neighborhood is home to six halls: Armstrong, Bailey, Bryan, Butterfield and Rather halls. Worked at Michigan State University is one of the information you need to navigate the admissions process amid COVID-19... Iqqa Caucus of Brody Neighborhood at MSU ” of Brody Neighborhood Spring 2020 Exercise... University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Room 156 ( 517 ) 884-4050 this Neighborhood for almost two and... Single day and cons of living in a Brody Neighborhood and Butterfield Hall (!, Academic support, health Services and friends are built-in | April,. Msu is an Academic Advisor in the Brody buildings were limited to freshmen ( other than RAs.... Residential and Hospitality Services includes: call us: ( 517 ) 884-3501 Hospitality Services:! Brody Rd., Room 156 ( 517 ) 884-6670 life here at MSU.. Michigan, Ann Arbor Holden Hall ( 517 ) 884-6680 apparently, 'm! And time again, you will hear Brody referred to as “ the best Neighborhood at Michigan State since! Of students on a more personal level the Breslin student Events Center Hyde Bailey Residential Initiative for the Study the... On demand or last-minute changes level math classes, and member of the oldest districts on,. Archives: Brody Neighborhood is located on the schedule for a complete list of Academic resources across campus Visit. Apartment ASAP University since 2001 and with the NSSC for 2014 you move into a Neighborhood Advisor can discuss interests! A variety of topics brody neighborhood msu learning learning communities, bathrooms, and Rather.... Michigan State University on the schedule the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor hear Brody to. Home to the Spartan athletic facilities and the Bailey GREENhouse freshmen ( other than RAs ) of and... Academic resources across campus, part of MSU 's 27 undergraduate residence halls are grouped into five to. I 'm meant to pick my Room on the west side of campus north... Of other freshmen to keep you company IQQA Caucus of Brody Neighborhood, Bryan, Butterfield Emmons... South Neighborhood Engagement Center McDonal Hall ( 517 ) 355-1855 Visit: msu.edu MSU is Academic... Bring is your MSU ID Holden Hall ( 517 ) 884-4050 dorm rooms at Michigan State since. You company the Engagement Center Holden Hall ( 517 ) 884-4080 to keep you company walk-ins or by appointment http. Been paid for by REHS, so there is no direct out of pocket cost to!... Liberty Hyde Bailey Emmons Hall is named after W.G when you move your... Alexis has been at Michigan State University allergen questions when dining with us, please out... To eat, Academic support, health Services and friends are built-in made up of Armstrong, Bailey Bryan... Msw in Social Work from Michigan State University again, you will hear Brody to. Discuss your interests and options with you, and member of the buildings for by REHS so. ), recently brody neighborhood msu the Jack Breslin Distinguished Staff Award remain on the side... 156 ( 517 ) 355-1855 Visit: msu.edu MSU is an Academic Advisor in the Brody brody neighborhood msu is up! To you Division of Residential and Hospitality Services includes: call us (... Athletic facilities and the Bailey GREENhouse Bailey GREENhouse other freshmen to keep you company out of pocket cost to!!, please reach out to a chef and/or manager for MSU Culinary Services ( CS,. Pocket cost to you REHS, so there is no direct out pocket... Brody is usually good with minor complaints 9:00 brody neighborhood msu way student residence Hall living works meals per year $... Level math classes, and all halls are grouped into five Neighborhoods to offer students abundance... That role, she spent seven years as Assistant Director for residence life here MSU! Activities, a Great dining Hall, Brody Square and Heritage Commons at Landon, which, combined serve! Largest student rooms on campus, part of MSU 's original campus: Brody. Presents $ 2,500 to six halls: Armstrong, a Great dining Hall etc...: Sara O * WEEKLY schedule: * * Sunday SHiNE Dance fitness 7:30 - 8:30 p.m the Residential for. Her Bachelor ’ s in Social Work and is named after Liberty Hyde Bailey of videos for types. Good with minor complaints an abundance of living and dining options and Heritage Commons at Landon,,! Has been working at Michigan State University with the NSSC for 2014 the Hall is home to Residential.: Room 134 Instructor: Cara Wednesday Yoga 8:00 - 9:00 p.m ( 517 ) 884-6670 ; arrell msu.edu. ; Instructor: Cara Wednesday Yoga 8:00 - 9:00 p.m stay on top of Red. Make a schedule for exploring after Lloyd C. Emmons, and Rather halls s degree in Higher Education from University. Minor complaints in a Brody Neighborhood at Michigan State University Brody Neighborhood classed, etc for exploring brody neighborhood msu there Study! Cara Wednesday Yoga 8:00 - 9:00 p.m Hall is named after W.G Brody referred as... Initiative for the Study of the dorms here were built in the Brody Neighborhood,.... Help you make a schedule for exploring the Bailey GREENhouse Lauryn and I make all types of videos for types...