Technically, … Begonias vary in color and size and are beloved for both their showy foliage and flowers. Some begonias have corms (like bulbs), which can be dried off and stored, ready to start next spring. Angel wing begonias, named for their wing-shaped leaves, also belong to this group. Don't plant your begonias in a spot that receives full, direct sunlight or hot sun exposure in the afternoon. Like dahlias, tuberous begonias are sold as big bulbs or rhizomes (the 'tubers'), and are typically planted in containers, so that you can easily take the root out before the first hard frost and store it indoors for the winter. Cane begonias are tropical plants that are ideal for sunrooms, although they can be grown outdoors … Keep the soil evenly moistened, but allow the topmost layer of soil to become dry to the touch before watering. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Select a planting site for your begonias in partial shade. Begonias look especially attractive when planted in groups. Angel wing begonias, named for their wing-shaped leaves, also belong to this group. Begonias need some bright light to bloom, but their leaves will burn if they're exposed to too much hot, direct sunlight. Mix the organic matter down into the soil to a depth of 8 to 10 inches. If you are planting begonia tubers in the garden, consider planting them indoors and transplanting them to the garden once the weather warms. Spread a 1- to 2-inch-thick layer of peat moss or organic compost onto the planting bed. There are thousands of varieties to choose from, and most require easy care. Sarah Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles. In terms of culture, these are not particularly difficult to grow and can … With the exception of one or two species, begonias are tropical or subtropical plants and can be grown as perennials (dying back in fall and regrowing in spring) in zones 9 and 10 of the USDA … If you live in a cool climate, it's best to hold off planting begonias outdoors until the soil is 60°F and the nights are relatively warm. Most types of begonias need consistent watering but also don't like to be left too wet. There are over 16,000 different species of begonias that you can grow, and each one will require different care when they are being winterized. Angel Wing Begonias can be propagated from stem cuttings. Angel Wing begonia is a popular name for hybrid begonias that grow on canes. Rex begonias are typically planted outdoors in mild climates as an annual summer bulb; alternatively, they can be grown as perennials in containers and brought indoors during the winter. In a temperate climate, foliage begonias can be grown outside during the summer months, once the risk of frost is over. Fibrous-rooted begonias make great house plants over the winter, as do the rhizomatous types (such as Rex begonias), which are grown primarily for their foliage. This way you can make the most of their flowers and foliage. Often grown in containers indoors, begonias also can be grown outdoors during the frost-free months. Cut off and remove all the foliage and set the tubers in a shady spot to dry for about two or three days. Cane begonias can be grown outdoors in the American South and in frost-free growing zones. To submit your questions or ideas, or to simply learn more, see our about us page: link below. In terms of culture, these are not particularly difficult to grow and can thrive indoors, providing you meet a few basic requirements. Due to the wide variety of begonia plant types, sunlight requirements may vary. Used in containers, hanging baskets and bedding schemes, begonias provide continuous colour throughout the summer until the first frosts. Begonias that are going to be placed in raised beds or pots should be given a container only slightly larger than their root ball, or intermixed in a larger container with other potted plants. They usually have a burst in growth after the summer heat kicks in. Begonias are tropical plants and they need warm soil. Begonias can become leggy or scraggly toward the end of the growing season. Discourage snails and slugs with organic methods such as copper barriers. This way you can make the most of their flowers and foliage. Since the conditions inside your home will be quite different from what they are outside, you can take the plant back outside during the day if it is warm enough. The best defenses against pests and diseases are to keep your begonias moderately moist but never soaking wet, and to make sure they are not overcrowded. They are popular and well-suited as houseplants, but can also be grown outside. In zones 8b to 11, begonias can survive year-round if you protect them from frost. Sunlight requirements. Rhizomatous begonias: Their size varies with growing conditions, from 6- to 12-inch houseplants to bushy plants up to 5 feet. I have got begonias in hanging baskets as you can grow them outside in the summer. If you live in a place where the temperature is mild Rex Begonias can also grow out doors; but be careful not to give them direct sunlight. Use clean pruning shears to prevent the spread of disease. Insufficient light: If your plant is getting the right amount of light it will grow compact an… If the leaves look pale at a certain time of day then it is getting to much light, move the plant around until it stops looking pale. Begonias: outdoors. Also mix into the soil an all-purpose plant fertilizer, such as a 10-10-10 NPK formula, at a rate of 1 pound per 100 square feet of planting bed. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Begonias bloom in shades of white, yellow, orange, pink and red flowers. Yes, but they are not frost hardy, so would need to brought in at the end of summer. is an organ called an enlarged hypocotyl and it has hardiness of Tender III- injured below 25 degrees F (2 degrees C). Rhizomatous begonias: Begonias (Begonia semperflorens) add a splash of vibrant color to your outdoor garden. Growing Begonias Outdoors. Now yes, some of you can just plant … Also mix into the soil an all-purpose plant fertilizer, such as a 10-10-10 NPK formula, at a rate of 1 pound per 100 square feet of planting bed. Growing Begonias Indoors; Our House Plant’s Guide to Begonias; Now, let’s get into some basic begonia care items for planting begonias as an annual outside. Powdery mildew appears as white dust on leaves and flowers. In colder zones, Starting begonia tubers indoors to give them the head start they need (see above). Store the tubers during the winter months in a paper bag filled with dry peat moss or sawdust. All you really need is a little space and a bright window, and these types of begonias … … Begonias vary in color and size and are beloved for both their showy foliage and flowers. Keep the begonia tubers in a dark spot and the soil warmed to 70 degrees F until they sprout. Water your begonias deeply and thoroughly once or twice each week during summer when rainfall is less than 1 inch. How to Grow Begonias Outside. This article was written by a professional writer, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. Overwintering Begonias in Cold Climates. Begonias prefer well-drained soil, partial shade and humid weather. Because begonias are tropical plants, do not set them outdoors until the weather warms and nighttime temperatures are above 60 degrees. If the leaves look pale at a certain time of day then it is getting to much light, move the plant around until it stops looking pale. I forgot to lift one of my tubers for a few winters and it came back the following summers, maybe because the winters have been mild. But most begonias will grow great in either full sun or full shade. The hotter your growing region, the more shade they prefer. They can be planted directly in the ground or grown in containers for outdoor display. Due to the wide variety of begonia plant types, sunlight requirements may vary. Growing Begonias Indoors; Our House Plant’s Guide to Begonias; Now, let’s get into some basic begonia care items for planting begonias as an annual outside. If you are planting your begonias outside, dig a hole a few inches deep for seeds and bulbs, or large enough to cover the root ball of a potted plant. Four to six hours of morning sun is ideal, and will encourage blooms without scorching the plants. Like dahlias, tuberous begonias are sold as big bulbs or rhizomes (the 'tubers'), and are typically planted in containers, so that you can easily take the root out before the first hard frost and store it indoors for the winter. For earlier blooms, start your begonias indoors, eight weeks before the last frost date. KNOW WHEN TO PLANT. Scales and mealy bugs are both sticky. Early morning and late afternoon sun will not harm them. Dig planting holes for your begonias the same depth and width of the nursery containers, spacing the holes at least 12 to 18 inches apart. You can maintain fibrous begonias, which often have waxy leaves and always have traditional root balls, for 2-3 years with proper indoor and outdoor … Don’t plant your begonias in a spot that receives full, direct sunlight or hot sun exposure in the afternoon. Their size varies with growing conditions, from 6- to 12-inch houseplants to bushy plants up to 5 feet. Old-fashioned wax begonias do … A cotton swap dipped in dish soap and water can help you remove these pests. Plant the tubers with the depressed end facing up in a planter pot or flat filled with a mixture of equal parts perlite and moist peat moss. Plant … The plant is not frost-resistant, and if kept outside, it should be brought inside if temperatures drop lower than 55° F (Royal Horticultural Society). Remove the begonias from the nursery containers and plant them at the same depth as they were planted in the containers. Then, you … Place your hose, drip system or the spout of your watering can at the base of the plant and water until the soil surrounding it is evenly moist. Cut back stems to just above a set of leaves. Dig up the begonia tubers after the first frost in fall. Within a day of purchase, plant seedlings about 12 inches apart. The best time to take cuttings is after the bloom is over and the plant … Plant … If you live in a region that doesn’t experience freezing winter temperatures or frosts, keep the begonia tubers in the ground year-round. Light pruning of dead flower heads can promote additional begonia blooms. Begonia (Begonia spp) represents around 1,500 species of plants that come in almost as many forms as the number of climates they thrive in. They are easily grown indoors and in greenhouses. Most begonias tolerate full shade, but blooming may be less prolific. The plant is not frost-resistant, and if kept outside, it should be brought inside if temperatures drop lower than 55° F (Royal Horticultural Society). If planted in the ground, stick a finger into the soil to determine how moist the soil is. Often grown in containers indoors, begonias also can be grown outdoors during the frost-free months. Choose a location with soil that drains well and doesn’t become waterlogged. Begonias (Begonia semperflorens) add a splash of vibrant color to your outdoor garden. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, University of Vermont Extension: Growing Begonias. By far the best-known cane-type begonias are the angel wing begonias, which grow on upright stems with interesting leaves and magnificent displays of a pendant and drooping flowers.The dragon wing begonia, another beauty, also belongs in this category. What Should I Do if My Begonia Is Getting Leggy? Begonias don’t need much space, so feel free to plant … Many plants will not be able to tolerate a temperature under 45 degrees Fahrenheit, so it is imperative that you do not wait too long. Scales may appear as spots on the undersides of leaves, while mealy bugs group in fuzzy, light-colored clusters. They can grow to a height of between 8 inches and 2 feet tall, and will bloom until the first frost. All Rights Reserved. Causes of Crisping Leaves in Rex Begonias, University of Florida Cooperative Extension, University of Vermont Department of Plant and Soil Science. Choose a well-drained site that is protected from wind and will be shaded most of the day. Tuberous or “wax” begonias (Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum and B. x tuberhybrida) produce large flowers that can grow up to 6 inches in diameter. Then, you can move them outside when the weather warms up, after any danger of frost has passed and nighttime temperatures have stabilized to 45°F or more. Plant the tubers by with the soil just barely covering them. In many cases, growers will place the plants outdoors during the warmer months and bring them inside … Never wet the leaves or flowers, as continual dampness on plants encourages diseases such as powdery mildew. Overwintering Begonias … Begonia plants, regardless of type, cannot withstand freezing cold temperatures and require appropriate winter care. Now yes, some of you can just plant it in the ground and mulch it heavily, but only those of you in very warm climates. In U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8a and cooler, begonias are grown as annual flowers, filling space between perennials or adding life to decks and patios in pots. Overwintering a begonia is not always necessary in warmer environments, as winters are generally less severe. Planting: In zones 9 and 10, Begonias can be planted immediately outdoors. They are popular and well-suited as houseplants, but can also be grown outside. Keep air temperatures at about 50 degrees F. Purchase begonia tubers instead of nursery-raised plants and start the tubers indoors about one month prior to the last frost in spring. Moving a begonia to a bigger pot isn’t always an easy decision since begonias like to be somewhat root bound. That said, repotting begonias at some point is necessary to boost soil nutrients … After a hefty watering, be sure to situate potted begonias so their pot can drain excess water. Mealy bugs, spider mites and scales attack unhealthy begonias. What Are the Colors of Dragon Wing Begonias? Propagation. Begonias need some bright light to bloom, but their leaves will burn if they’re exposed to too much hot, direct sunlight. Growing begonias outdoors: Angel wing begonias, shrub begonias and some rhizomatous begonias like growing under trees that provide plenty of filtered light. By far the best-known cane-type begonias are the angel wing begonias, which grow on upright stems with interesting leaves and magnificent displays of a pendant and drooping flowers.The dragon wing begonia, another beauty, also belongs in this category. Display Cane Begonias as a houseplant in a location with high humidity and good air circulation. Outdoors, they can be planted directly in the ground or grown in containers for outdoor display. They are easy to care for and all grow … However, to ensure proper begonia care, you should be wintering over begonias indoors if you live in areas prone to freezing temperatures, such as northern climates. Clean them with a damp cloth or cotton swab. Overwinter potted begonias indoors near a sunny window. There are very few places in this world where Begonias can be grown outdoors throughout the year. 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