The table below illustrates examples of assessment methods and how they are generally classified. when and where to use indirect and direct measures Direct measures are perfectly situated in course level assessment of student learning. Below are some examples of indirect assessment techniques: External Reviewers Peer review of academic programs is a widely accepted method for assessing curricular sequences as well as course development and delivery. Strong program assessment plans often include both direct and indirect assessments of student learning. Examples of Direct / Indirect Institutional Assessment Performance on tests of writing, critical thinking, or general knowledge Rubric scores for class assignments in General Education, interdisciplinary core courses, or other courses required of all students Direct and Indirect Measurements. Indirect measures imply student learning by employing self‐reported data and reports. Then supplement these results with indirect measures of student learning whenever it is … Examples of Direct and Indirect Measures of Student Learning (Course, Program, and Institutional Levels) Direct Measures Indirect Measures Course Course and homework assignments Examinations and quizzes Standardized tests Term papers and reports Observations of field work, internship Indirect Assessment refers to any method of collecting data that requires reflection on student learning, skills, or behaviors, rather than a demonstration of it. The professor can gauge exactly how well and to what level a student is learning and using terminology, concepts and theories. Examples of Indirect Measures of Student Learning Ratio of performance assessments to paper-and-pencil test (C) – Direct assessment involves students doing something—that is demonstrating the extent of their knowledge / abilities of a given learning outcome – Indirect assessment involves perception of that ability / knowledge • Perceptions help guide us, but they complement our direct knowledge of student ability, not replace it. Whenever appropriate, scoring keys help identify the knowledge, skills, and/or dispositions assessed by means of the particular assessment instrument, thus documenting student learning directly. It is important to remember that whether a specific method is direct or indirect … Direct and Indirect Assessment Direct Assessment refers to any method of collecting data that requires students to demonstrate a knowledge, skill, or behavior. Indirect measures provide a less concrete view of student learning; for example, attitudes, perceptions, feelings, values, etc. With direct measurements, measuring instruments such as Vernier calipers, micrometers, and coordinate measuring machines are used to measure the dimensions of the target directly. Indirect measures help to substantiate instances of student learning. A good rule of thumb is to use direct assessment of student learning, whenever possible. There are two methods for performing dimensional measurements: direct measurement and indirect measurement. Examples of Direct and Indirect Evidence . Examples of Indirect Measures in Student Affairs Indirect • CHS – focus groups and satisfaction survey • Campus Recreation- Campus Impact Study (Benchmarking) • Project Union – Event Evaluation from participants, team evaluation and a post project survey after each event, and individual reflections. Indirect methods provide a valuable supplement to direct methods and are generally a part of a robust assessment program.