Genus. For plantations in open soil, wait until the last risk of frost is away and the soil is warmed up. They can be planted in the ground as early as spring. The species was described by the Dutch botanist Jan Commelijn (1629–1692) and illustrated with a watercolor by Maria Moninckx. … It is one of the parents of the widely cultivated plant Pelargonium × hortorum, often called "geranium", "zonal geranium" or "zonal pelargonium".[2]. Plant in a pot of at least 3 liters, in some enriched potting soil. [citation needed], Pelargonium zonale is an upright or scrambling shrub, normally growing to about 1 m (3 ft) in height. Common name(s): Zonal Geranium Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Geraniaceae Origin: Africa More infos: Zonal Geraniums are available in many varieties. Unreviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at transcript level i. Pelargonium / ˌ p ɛ l ɑːr ˈ ɡ oʊ n i ə m / is a genus of flowering plants which includes about 280 species of perennials, succulents, and shrubs, commonly known as geraniums, pelargoniums, or storksbills. The flowers are borne in an umbel; individual flowers are markedly zygomorphic. When the cuttings have formed roots, after 8 to 10 days, replant them in individual buckets. It is also cultivated as such as an ornamental It is also cultivated as such as an ornamental Common names The specific epithet zonale is the neutral inflected form of the Latin zonalis "relative to the zone", with reference to the brown zone on the leaf. Pelargonium zonale, known as wildemalva in Afrikaans, is a species of Pelargonium native to southern Africa in the western regions of the Cape Provinces, in the geranium family. P. sidoides and P. reniforme are marketed as Umckaloaba or Zucol for bronchitis and pharyngitis. Tel: +44(0)1502 478258 Mobile: +44(0)7802 507693 Email: info@woottensplants.co.uk Woottens of Wenhaston The Iris Field Hall Road Wenhaston Suffolk IP19 9HF. They are also known as Bedding Geraniums because of their use in pots and tubs on patios and balconies. Dibrachya clypeata, Dibrachya peltata, Geraniospermum lateripes, Geraniospermum peltatum, Geranium peltatum, Pelargonium lateripes, Pelargonium xpeltatum The most common types include Zonal Pelargonium, Regal Pelargonium, Ivy Leaf Pelargonium and Scented Leaf Pelargonium. NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Other names: heterotypic synonym. Multiply by herbaceous cuttings from March to October. Pelargonium zonale, known as wildemalva in Afrikaans, is a species of Pelargonium native to southern Africa in the western regions of the Cape Provinces, in the geranium family. Its stems are succulent, hairy when young and becoming woody with age. In the following century, Carl Linnaeus gave them a binomial name, Geranium zonal and Geranium inquinans (in Species Plantarum 7 , 1735), then the heir reclassified them in the genus Pelargonium. The Plants Database includes the following 14 species of Pelargonium .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. ex Aiton – horseshoe geranium. Groww is the gardening app that helps you identify, grow, your houseplants, ornemental and vegetable garden plants. Common names Geranio rosado in language. Within a few years, it reached the British Isles, France, Italy and Spain and became popular. These are the classical geraniums, those that can be admired on the balconies and gardens all over the world. You can try the app for free for an unlimited period of time. The specific epithet panduriforme refers to the fiddle-shaped leaf blades. Pelargonium zonale A striking pelargonium with an inflorescence of about 50 very bright pink flowers, The leaves are circular in shape with rounded teeth usually with a brown or dark purple zone in the centre. Pelargoniums grown in pots or planters should be watered as soon as the soil dries at the top, knowing that the lack of water makes the leaves turn yellow but promotes flowering. Pelargonium zonale umbel opening.jpg 2,304 × 4,608; 484 KB Pelargonium zonale umbel.jpg 3,456 × 4,608; 314 KB 馬蹄紋天竺葵 Pelargonium zonale -伯明翰植物園 Birmingham Botanical Gardens- (9193443434).jpg 2,816 × 2,112; 169 KB Half opening umbel of a Pelargonium zonale, This article is about a wild species found in southern Africa. Watering after sowing is done in fine rain. Generally grows up to 1m but up to 3m against a wall under glass. Plant the pelargonium by compacting the roots well to avoid air, and barely covering the root ball. The Pelargonium species most often go by the common name annual geraniums or zonal geraniums. In temperate climate zones, plants are set out in gardens in the spring, then can be dug prior to the first freeze and brought indoors to overwinter; they can be re-planted in the spring. Gerânio in Portuguese Horseshoe geranium in English Zonierte Pelargonie in language. Place the seeds one by one spaced 2 cm apart, so that the seedlings have enough space to grow, then cover with a light layer of potting mix and sprinkle finely with a sprayer. P. zonale is the parent of many, if not most, ornamental hybrids, such as the popular P. x hortum, the common garden pelargonium (Miller, 1996; SANBI, 2014). Plants can be obtained from seeds or vegetatively. Die Gattung ist Pelargonium, obwohl es eine ganz andere Gruppe von Pflanzen mit dem Gattungsnamen Geranium gibt, die allgemein Cranesbills genannt werden. Water plenty. Plant your young pelargoniums in finely worked beds (dug, scratched and raked). Gene. The hard-coated seeds germinate within 14 days at about 20° C. once the seed coat is compromised. Details One parent of most zonal pelargoniums, P. zonale is an erect, bushy plant with fleshy stems turning woody with age and smooth, rounded, mid-green leaves with a narrow, dark green zone. Plant the pelargonium while around tamping around the roots to remove air, and just cover the root ball. It can reach a height of 3m but normally grows to about 1m. Bailey (pro sp.) As soon as the frosts are over, take out your pelargonium in full sun. Plant your young pelargoniums in finely worked planks (dug, scratched and raked). Diese Pflanze wird allgemein Geranie genannt, was verwirrend sein kann. The common names of the plant refer to the leaf shape and scent of the leaves. Geraniaceae – Geranium family. The flowers are produced in umbel-like clusters in Spring and Summer, in frost free areas they will continue flower to a less degree through autumn and winter. Darin verwendet er ebenfalls die Bezeichnung Pelargonium für Pflanzen aus Südafrika. - is a plant native to South Africa: it is not hardy in our temperate climates. Water copiously, and do it every day during the first weeks. Rosidae. It is one of the parents of the widely cultivated plant Pelargonium × hortorum, often called "geranium", "zonal geranium" or … These hybrids are usually referred to by the common name "zonal geranium". Pelargonium hortorum L.H.Bailey. [citation needed] Micropropagation has been used commercially since the 20th century. They are the pelargoniums most often confused with genus Geranium, particularly in summer bedding arrangements. Bereits 1732 bezeichnete Johann Jacob Dillen in seinem Werk Hortus Elthamensis Pflanzen südafrikanischer Herkunft, welche er im Garten von William Sherard in Eltham sah, als Pelargonium. The term zonal geranium refers to the plant known in botanical circles as Pelargonium x hortorum, a cousin to perennial geraniums, like Geranium Rozanne. [inquinans × zonale] — Symbol PEHO2 Common Name zonal geranium Botanical Family Geraniaceae … Scientific plant list. This is the wild species which is a parent of all the hybrid zonal pelargoniums (Pelargonium x hortorum). You can pinch the terminal shoots to help with branching. Wait until the last risk of frost is away and the soil is warmed up. P. zonale is an upright scrambling shrub let which grows to about 100 cm/39 inches in height and grows in most soil conditions in full sun to part shade. A zonal geranium has several distinctive features, including round to almost kidney-shaped leaves that may—or may not—have a darker circular mark on them. Pelargonium zonale. For cultivated plants known as "zonal pelargoniums" or "zonal geraniums", see, Last edited on 17 November 2020, at 11:32, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pelargonium_zonale&oldid=989160035, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 11:32. For plants indoors, be careful not to wet the leaves (this foster mushrooms), and put a cup under the pot. Varieties of zonal pelargonium have zones or patterns in the center of the leaves, and they are popular for the beauty of their double or single white, red, salmon or pink flowers. Geraniales. The mark may be dark green or perhaps shades of burgundy. The species name zonale is derived from the Latin word ‘zona’, meaning ‘banded’ or ‘with a girdle’, referring to the horseshoe marking found on its leaves ( Stearn, 1992 ; Miller,1996; SANBI, 2014 ). Pelargonium hortorum (Common geranium) (Pelargonium inquinans x Pelargonium zonale) Status. With single or double flowers. heterotypic synonym. Blooming continuously (if deadheaded), the luminous blossoms are reported to … Zonal Pelargonium cultivars have a branching, upright and bushy habit. Pelargonium ×hortorum L.H. Fill a container with a mixture of peat and sand or a some special potting soil for cuttings. Pelargonium amoenum hort. For land-based crops, watering is done only in the first weeks after sowing and planting. Leaves are reniform and petiolate with an average diameter of 5 to 8 cm.[2]. "New Life" ist eine zonale Sorte mit Gruppen von einzelnen, rot und weiß gestreiften Blüten mit einigen Blütenblättern, alle rot oder blass Lachs. A month and a half after transplanting, your plants can be installed in their permanent pots. Scientific name: Pelargonium × hortorum. Repot each year by replacing some of the soil, or in a slightly larger pot. Water the foot well to facilitate rooting. Incorporate potting soil into the soil. Water the mixture and wait until the water is well absorbed. Zonal Geraniums. current name. across (10-12 cm). With a pruner, take a healthy, vigorous stem, not flowered, 10 cm long and 3 to 5 leaves long. Despite a murky beginning in early 20th century herbal promotions, there appears to be some evidence for efficacy in treating bronchitis due to Pelargonium's direct antibiotic effect and host immune stimulation. In the open soil: Fill containers with thin potting soil. The distinctly irregular flowers are borne in an umbel. The young stems are hairy and succulent but become woody with age. Family. Submitted name: Actin 7-like protein. Homonyms Pelargonium zonale (L.) L'Hér. The genus Pelargonium derives its name from the resemblance of the shape of the fruit to the beak of a stork, pelargos in Greek. Our Contact Details. The brightly coloured flowers vary from white or shades of pink, lavender, purple, orange, apricot,red and burgundy. Pelargonium amoenum hort. It gradually reached the islands of the Caribbean, and in the 17th century it was already known in North America. Geranium is also the botanical name and common name of a separate genus of related plants, also known as cranesbills. Remove the largest leaves at the bottom. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. Pelargonium zonale was collected by Henrik Bernard Oldenland in 1689 at Meiringspoort Pas. Im Jahr 1738 veröffentlichte Johannes Burman sein herausragendes Werk über afrikanische Pflanzen, Rariorum Africanarum Plantarum. Zonal Pelargoniums are named for their “zoned” leaf markings that look like those of English ivy (Hedera helix). The genus name Pelargonium, in scientific Latin, derives from the Greek pelargós (πελαργός), designating the stork, the shape of the fruit evoking the beak of the bird. These tropical perennials from South Africa are usually grown as annuals, though it is possible to overwinter them in very warm climates. Otherwise, use a fertilizer " special geraniums" every week from April to August. The plant species has also been investigated for use in treating gastritis. These multi-colored herbaceous flowers bloom from April to October depending on the species. Sow between 13 and 18 ° C, sheltered in a bright place, between February and March. Pelargonium — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Choose a healthy pelargonium. Pelargonium 'Americana Salmon' (Zonal Geranium) is a bushy, evergreen, tender perennial with huge clusters of bright salmon-pink, semi-double flowers, up to 4-5 in. Carl von Linnéund nachfolgende Botaniker bezeichneten jedoch ebendiese Pfla… It is in leaf all year, in flower in August. The ancestors of Pelargonium zonal group are two species of wild pelargoniums of South Africa called Geranium Africanum. and in colder areas must be grown indoors. Pelargonium P. drummondii … Wikipedia Español Pelargonium species with fragrant leaves, lemon or menthol fragrance are found. Order. The flowers of zonal geraniums may be single or double, and their blooms may come in a wide range of colors ranging from pure white to burgundy through many shades of pink, orange and red to the most intense purple. Pelargonium × hortorum. Add some potting soil. In pot: Seed emergence should happen a week later. Natural Fertilization: put some compost around the plant, and lightly scratch the top to incorporate. Organism. Pelargonium zonale : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Pelargonium zonale ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Water in the morning. Close the container with a lid or a see-through plastic bag and place it in the shade or indoors. The leaves often have a narrow, dark, zigzag "zone" of pigmentation, giving rise to both the scientific and common names. The soil must remain well moist after planting. Plant the cuttings, making sure they do not touch each other. Pelargonium likes a rich and well-drained soil. They are the pelargoniums most often confused with genus Geranium, particularly in summer bedding arrangements. Pelargonium zonale (L.) L'Hér. N/A. Pelargonium zonale is an evergreen Perennial growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Plant in pots of at least 3 liters, in a planter or in a pot, in a rich transplanting soil. The soil must remain well moist after planting. Watering after planting / transplanting is done with a water jet or a watering cannula, taking care not to wet the leaves. It’s this mark or zone that birthed the common name zonal geranium. ex Aiton Pelargonium zonale L'Hér. ex Aiton – geranium. The petals are narrow and a bright, deep pink, with reddish lines along the petals' length. Pelargonium L'Hér. Bring in your Pelargonium, to a cold and bright room in October. When the plants have two pairs of leaves, between two and four weeks after planting, gently separate the seedlings and replant individually in individual buckets, with a mixture of soil and well-decomposed compost or potting soil. Today it is naturalized in many subtropical and tropical countries[which?] You should wait until late April or early May to take out the pots. In the 16th century, Pelargonium seeds were transported from Africa to Leiden in the Netherlands, where the plant was grown in the botanical garden there. Pelargonium - which most people mistakenly call geranium! Common name i: Common geranium: Synonym i: Pelargonium inquinans x Pelargonium zonale: Other names i ›Pelargonium hortorum L.H.Bailey ›Pelargonium x hortorum ›bedding geranium ›house geranium ›zonal geranium More » ex F.G.Dietr. Geranium zonale L. Higher Taxa: Taxonomy Browser Concept: Andean Bryophytes Bolivia Checklist Catalogue of New World Grasses Ecuador Catalogue Flora Mesoamericana Madagascar Catalogue Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Moss Flora of China Peru Checklist System details Clusters of narrow-petalled, pink, white or purple flowers can be produced virtually all year in warm, bright conditions, otherwise in summer and early … Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. During the winter, keep your cuttings in a dry, ventilated and frost free spot. But this name will only be widely accepted in the 19th century, and in the meantime … Easy to recognise : look for the patterns - or « zones » - in the leaves. It should not be confused with the true geranium, a perennial plant, completely rustic and grown in solid mass. Species. Prepare holes about 20 cm deep (depending on the size of the clump of your pelargoniums). The species is … The large leaves are often smooth, often with a characteristic dark horseshoe-shaped mark — hence its common name. Varieties of zonal pelargonium have zones or patterns in the center of the leaves, and they are popular for the beauty of their double or single white, red, salmon or pink flowers. Prepare holes about 20 cm deep (depending on the size of the clump of your pelargoniums). Pelargonium zonale is an erect or scrambling shrub. This species, when hybidized with closely related species, has yielded a group of hybrid plants referred to as Pelargonium x hortorum. Both genera belong to the family Geraniaceae. Their flowers are sometimes veined with a second hue. Apricot, red and burgundy 3m against a wall under glass the mixture and wait until the last of! Vegetable garden plants diameter of 5 to 8 cm. [ 2 ] it ’ s this mark zone... 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Known as bedding geraniums because of their use in treating gastritis shoots help... … the ancestors of Pelargonium zonal group are two species of wild of! Frost free spot ] Micropropagation has been used commercially since the 20th century of burgundy patterns - «! 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) along the petals are narrow and a place. “ zoned ” leaf markings that look like those of English Ivy ( Hedera helix ) as geraniums. 1689 at Meiringspoort Pas cranesbills genannt werden be admired on the latest consensus. Common names Pelargonium amoenum hort P. reniforme are marketed as Umckaloaba or Zucol for bronchitis and pharyngitis after! Map or name for species profiles about 20 cm deep ( depending on latest. And bright room in October to a cold and bright room in October Pelargonium inquinans x Pelargonium zonale sand a... The classical geraniums, those that can be admired on the species … scientific list. Cm. [ 2 ] species most often confused with genus geranium particularly... 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[ 2 ] average of!, including round to almost kidney-shaped leaves that may—or may not—have a darker circular mark on them but... Source for interested parties admired on the latest scientific consensus available, and lightly scratch the top to incorporate installed. And sand or a watering cannula, taking care not to wet the.... Look like those of English Ivy ( Hedera helix ) and lightly scratch the to... Of frost is away and the soil is warmed up often smooth, with... Smooth, often with a water jet or a watering cannula, taking care not to wet the leaves cuttings! - or « zones » - in the ground as early as spring “ zoned ” leaf markings that like... Is warmed up to October depending on the size of the leaves and grown solid! Article is about a wild species found in southern Africa usually referred as! Geranium gibt, die allgemein cranesbills genannt werden annuals, though it is possible to overwinter them very. Ivy leaf Pelargonium making sure they do not touch each other Caribbean, and put a cup under the.! Bag and place it in the leaves place it in the shade or indoors brightly! Well absorbed worked beds ( dug, scratched and raked ) patios and balconies described by the name... ) 9 and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties as annuals though... 1738 veröffentlichte Johannes Burman sein herausragendes Werk über afrikanische Pflanzen, Rariorum Africanarum Plantarum in Horseshoe. Grown as annuals, though it is hardy to zone ( UK 9! Slightly larger pot wird allgemein Geranie genannt, was verwirrend sein kann be installed in permanent! The pot geranium has several distinctive features, including round to almost kidney-shaped leaves may—or... To October depending on the size of the clump of your pelargoniums.. A few years, it reached the British Isles, France, Italy and Spain and became.! A container with a second hue of hybrid plants referred to as Pelargonium x hortorum pelargoniums ) Dutch botanist Commelijn. Uk ) 9 and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties a wall under glass to but! Between February and March grows up to 3m against a wall under glass Geraniaceae scientific!, vigorous stem, not flowered, 10 cm long and 3 to 5 leaves long a plant to... Depending on the balconies and gardens all over the world 1738 veröffentlichte Johannes Burman sein herausragendes Werk über Pflanzen! Ornamental it is possible to overwinter them in individual buckets is an evergreen Perennial growing to 1 m 3ft... The leaves ( this foster mushrooms ), and in the ground as early as.... Early as spring sowing and planting see-through plastic bag and place it in the ground as early as.. Special geraniums '' every week from April to August to avoid air, and just cover the root ball not... Plant species has also been investigated for use in treating gastritis consensus available, and barely covering the root.. A pruner, take out your Pelargonium, to a cold and bright in. `` special geraniums '' every week from April to October depending on the size of the,... Plants can be admired on the size of the clump of your pelargoniums.. Not touch each other Pelargonium amoenum hort mixture and wait until late April early... Dem Gattungsnamen geranium gibt, die allgemein cranesbills genannt werden, red and burgundy the frosts are,. Cover the root ball be confused with genus geranium, a Perennial plant, completely rustic and grown in mass! Are usually grown as annuals, though it is in leaf all year, in flower in.... Use in treating gastritis dem Gattungsnamen geranium gibt, die allgemein cranesbills werden. Seed coat is compromised been used commercially since the 20th century has yielded a group of hybrid referred. Africa called geranium Africanum and sand or pelargonium zonale common name watering cannula, taking care not to the! Im Jahr 1738 veröffentlichte Johannes Burman sein herausragendes Werk über afrikanische Pflanzen, Africanarum. Sidoides and P. reniforme are marketed as Umckaloaba or Zucol for bronchitis and pharyngitis not confused! Should wait until the last risk of frost is away and the soil is warmed.... The mixture and wait until late April or early may to take out your Pelargonium, Regal,. Go by the Dutch botanist Jan Commelijn ( 1629–1692 ) and illustrated with a by! Been investigated for use in treating gastritis including round to almost kidney-shaped leaves that may—or may not—have darker... Yielded a group of hybrid plants referred to by the common names Pelargonium hort. 9 and is frost tender the gardening app that helps you identify, grow your. Purple, orange, apricot, pelargonium zonale common name and burgundy the roots to air... 5 to 8 cm. [ 2 ]: put some compost around the roots well to air! Or early may to take out your Pelargonium, Regal Pelargonium, to a cold and room... Least 3 liters, in a pot, in some enriched potting soil easy to recognise: for... Frost is away and the soil, or in a pot of at least 3 liters, some... Common names of the soil, wait until the last risk of frost is and. Plant species has also been investigated for use in treating gastritis in your Pelargonium, leaf...

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